The author needs to attend to the rules and criteria established by the Journal "Biological Environment and Pollution":
A. General Requirements
- Article writing in English. The author should ensure that the articles will be delivered following the focus & scope of this journal.
- The articles to be delivered have not yet been published and are not in the process of coming out at seminars or other journals.
- The articles sent has to match the template of journal style (please use the template provided)
- Every author's name in the article has been written right, fitted with an affiliate and an email.
- Every author listed in the article understands and approves publishing the article on journal Biological Environment and Pollution, proven by a conflict-free letter between the author sent by the author's correspondent for other authors.
- Articles that have been reviewed in the review process cannot be withdrawn.
- The articles have pages between 6 to 12
- The author does not add chapters outside that have been set in the journal template.
- The author is encouraged to use reference management and formatting apps like Mendeley, Zotero, and EndNote, style references used to Nature style.
- The references used must be at least 20, with a minimum of 75% journal paper, very much encouraged to use the last 10 years.
- For simplicity in preparing articles, use the template that the journal has provided.
a. Copy-paste text only, then select the style provided in the ribbon style.
b. Save your articles in formate ".docx."
Make sure the mail is used for active correspondence and is regularly accessible (preferably connected to a smartphone)
- List a cell phone number that can be contacted when listing an account and confirm the status of an article that is too long.
B. Structure of The Manuscript
The manuscript must be prepared and suggested present follow the structure:
- Title. The title of paper typing in sentence case, without Acronym or abbreviation, case study
- Abstract. Written briefly in English in one paragraph of 150-250 WORDS; No citation; State in the abstract a primary objective, research design, methodology, main outcomes and results, and the conclusions.
- Section structure. Authors are suggested to present their articles in the section structure: Introduction - Method - Results and Discussion – Conclusion- Acknowledgement (optional)-References
- References. Expect a minimum of 20 references with a minimum of 75% to journal papers.
Rules of the chapter section of the Journal Biological Environment and Pollution
Writing short and clear titles need to emphasize subjects/research variables that indicate novelty. Avoid the use of word case studies, influence. The title is spelled in a sentence case.
Author. Author/The writer listed in the article must indeed have a role in the writing. Names are entirely written (without a title). If there is a writer's name with only one word, then writing at the OJS is repeated with the first name and the same last name or the first name abbreviated from the leading letter and the dot (.) and the last name fully written. For example, a writer has no name but Irwan, so either Irwan or " I " could write the Irawan. The full text of all authors listed in the article the full text should also be written on the homepage of the journal "Biological Environment and Pollution" while doing submit (if having a Google scholar and Orcid account suggested submit it to the metadata of the writer at OJS).
Affiliations. Each writer's name must be equipped with affiliations, writing affiliates not knowing the profession (lecture, student, etc.) and should not be included. If there are several authors with the same affiliation in one article, then the affiliation is only written once. Writing format for affiliation study program/department, faculty, Institution, Country.
Email. each author's name listed in the article must be written email; the email used for correspondence (communication between author and editor) is marked with an asterisk.
The abstract must contain the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions in are concise, concise, and clear manner to show newness compared to other existing research. The abstract does not contain citations, formulas, tables, and pictures. Written not using terms that are not common / not standard to use, the abstract number is between 150 to 250 words.
Keywords should reflect the article's content to make it easier for other writers to find and interpret the article. Keywords are not abbreviated and use terms that are common in biological research. The English keyword (keyword) is not a translation but a similar term with a comparative language in biological research.
The introduction should contain the background, the urgency of research, and gap analysis with existing studies to point to the improvement given in biological science. The purpose of the study should be clear in the introduction. In the introduction, it is better not to have tables and pictures. The introduction was presented succinctly and no more than two pages.
The method is clearly written by containing data collection and analysis techniques used to obtain results; besides, it can contain the number of respondents used in the study. Writing a formula can use the equation by including the main source used as a reference. For writers whose articles are not from the research results, this section of the method can be used to contain the stages of extracting information and criteria for information sources used to conduct a critical and in-depth study.
Results and Discussion
Results and discussion can at least include ”what?” which conveys results or findings from research, the data presented are not raw data, “why?” scientific study and there is a link between the results obtained and the basic concepts; “what else?” compare the results of your research with other research, suggested to provide implications for research results both theoretical and applied.
Results and discussion are written in a single unit. The author is not justified in separating the results and discussion, especially in a new chapter. Writing the results and discussion is done directly by reviewing sharply one by one the results of the research obtained with the support of relevant references and priority from primary sources. The results presented in this section are net. Data analysis processes such as statistical calculations and hypothesis testing processes need not be presented. Only the results of the analysis and the results of hypothesis testing need to be reported. The study results can be supplemented with tables, pictures, and graphs (separate writing provisions) to clarify the presentation of the research results verbally.
Conclusions include statements from the analysis results of the discussions conducted on the research findings and answer the research purposes. Conclusions emphasize the novelty of the discovery or development carried out. Conclusions are written briefly, concisely, and clearly in one paragraph.
If there are suggestions from research related to the research results to be developed by other researchers, they can be conveyed briefly and clearly in a new paragraph or written in conclusions.
Acknowledgments contain appreciation given by the author to those who have been instrumental in the research, both in the form of financial support, licensing, consultants, and assisting in data collection.
References are written following the citations in the article, a minimum of 20 references with > 75% of primary sources (journals) within the last 10 years.
The terms of writing the table and the pictures:
- Tables and pictures should match the informative needs of a paper.
- Each table, image, and graphic must be accompanied by a caption, for the caption table is located at the top of the table, while for pictures and graphics, the caption is at the bottom.
- Writing tables and pictures should be placed at the beginning or end of a page.
- Before using tables and pictures, the author is emphasized to provide narrative reviews related to the tables or pictures to be presented, along with including the number of tables or pictures presented
- Pictures must have good resolution.
- It is recommended for graphic images to have color without the graphic title for the legend to be written on the caption after the graphic name.
- Tables must contain at least two rows of data and require a count, and there are no unit repeats.
- The table only uses lines at the top and bottom of the table head and cover at the end of the data.
- The tables should be presented intact, not cut to another page.
- If there are two tables whose contents are interrelated, they can be placed close together.
- Presentation of tables and pictures/graphs can combine two columns of text if need.